While zoning restrictions may not be apparent in commercial and residential neighborhoods, certain areas may have building codes to preserve colonial flavor. For instance, downtown Morelia has enforced a historical building preservation code for the past hundred years. Private land ownership may be barred in forested areas, natural protected areas, reserves, biospheres and other environmentally protected areas. That beautiful isolated mountaintop or bucolic site may be out of reach for the same reasons that it's just real difficult to buy a chunk of the Grand Canyon or Central Park.
The 1910 Mexican Revolution was rooted in unequal land distribution: 1% of the Mexican population controlled 97% of the land. In response, the government expropriated large land-holdings, outlawed latifundios, and created communal lands, or ejidos, occupied by rural peasants or farmers. This concept dates back to Mayan times.
Some seventy years after the enactment of the 1917 Mexican Constitution, these small plots of land became less productive and unable to compete in the market economy. In 1992, the Constitution was amended to loosen the tightly controlled ejido system, make it more productive, and to provide ejido members with greater access to capital. The new law allowed some ejido lands to be rented out or sold under certain restrictions.
Under Article 27 of the Mexican Constitution, there are three (3) recognized property types in the country. Article 27 defines them as private, social and public property.
In 1976, the government of Mexico established the Human Settlement Law for the regularization of land development and, in essence, eliminate property development chaos.
Posted by Bob Story on Mayo 29, 2000
Ejido land cannot be purchased, rented or leased. Proof of this can be found in Baja where several people are in the process of being evicted.
Our company, Metrociti Mortgage Corp., will not even attempt to make a loan on ejido land. However, if the land has been "privatized," that is the members of the ejido have petitioned for and received legal title to their part of the former ejido land, then they can sell it, rent it or lease it out. But check with CORETT - www.corett.gob.mx/index/index.php to be sure, or else find yourself a responsible Notario who will. Buyer Beware!
Posted by Sean Gaynor on Mayo 25, 2000
Comisión para la Regulación de la Tenencia de la Tierra (CORETT) Río Sena No. 49, 7o. Piso Col. Cuauhtemoc México, D.F.
---------Contact: Arturo Orci Magaña, Dirección General Voice: (5) 208-69-65, Ext. 178 Fax: (5) 207-74-43 Email: "mailto:email@example.com"
This commission is responsible for general urban development planning and for the resolution of land tenancy issues when settlers locate on previously ejido or communal land.
Some of the difficulties involved in Mexico's attempts at regularization are described in an academic presentation on the web at: http://obelix.polito.it/forum/n-aerus/venezia/paper_varley.html
BUYING REAL ESTATE IN MEXICO AND THE MEXICAN NOTARY PUBLIC
Should you decide to own property in you own name, a deed called an escritura, must be prepared by a Mexican notary public. In some states in Mexico it is now possible to name beneficiaries in the deed, but if this is not the case it is well to have a Mexican will prepared to avoid expensive legal fees and probate at the time of death.
Assorted Notes - Commercial -
Constitution - Ejido -
Federal Zone - Fideicomiso -
Foreign Investment law notes - Glossary -
History notes - Procede notes -
State notes - Title Insurance -
Contact Information - e-mail- sales @ costa alegre properties.com|
Telephone~ International ~ 52-315-35-15059 National ~ 01-315-35-15059 Local~ 35-15059
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