La Manzanilla Mexico Ejido Notes

1917 The Constitution of 1917 proclaimed that all land in Mexico would either be Ejido (communal) or owned by Mexican nationals only. Ejido land was given to every village in Mexico and could not be sold.

1973- As part of a land reform program, Mexico's government had awarded peasants the beachfront land.

1992- As a result of a constitutional amendment to Article 27 of Mexico's constitution agrarian parcels can not be sold or conveyed to foreign purchasers or Mexican nationals without the Ejido first being privatized. This process is known as "regularization".

In the case of "Ejido" property, land that is entitled by Mexico's Ministry of Agrarian Reform for use by Mexican citizens or "campesinos".

Article 27 of the Mexican Constitution, there are three recognized property types in the country.

1) Private
2) Social
3) Public property.


from misc.activism.progresive ejido search 01-26-01

- On the 86th anniversary of the Agrarian Reform law, president Vicente Fox Quesada declared that the measure "has fulfilled its function," that "the objectives today in the countryside are very different," and that "all legal proceedings currently in progress" on land redistribution "should be terminated." Fox added that the country’s goals for the rural sector are "to make every Ejido plot a productive, high-income unit" with individual ownership, such that each campesino will be "free to sell his parcel, rent it out, or use it in some other fashion."



in Mexico village lands communally held in the traditional Indian system of land tenure that combines communal ownership with individual use. The Ejido consists of cultivated land, pastureland, other uncultivated lands, and the fundo legal (townsite). In most cases the cultivated land is divided into separate family holdings, which cannot be sold although they can be handed down to heirs.

Measures taken during the reform period that began in 1855 abolished the landownership rights of civil and religious corporations. Although the primary purpose of this reform was to dissolve the large ecclesiastical estates, the law also forced the Indians to give up their village lands. The land reform measures in the 1917 constitution restored land that had been taken from Ejidos, made land grants to landless villages, and divided large estates into smaller private land holdings. Today Ejidos constitute some 55 percent of Mexico's cultivated land.

The increasing fragmentation of the land caused by the family inheritance pattern has in some cases resulted in an inefficient scale of operation. This result, together with a lack of capital and limited educational attainment, has retarded progress in ejido agriculture. Some cooperatively run Ejidos, however, particularly in the cotton-raising areas, have shown great success.


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"Ejidos and Ovaries" An "ejido" is a communal farm formed when the "campesinos" in Mexico, especially in the Chiapas region, take over a farm to form a collective. Basically, it is a Mexican communal farm owned by no one and worked by everyone.


An ejido is a village organized as a communal production unit.


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